30804 - Microbiology
568 - Degree in Food Science and Technology
4.1. Methodological overview
The methodology followed in this course is oriented towards the achievement of the learning objectives. A wide range of teaching and learning tasks are implemented, such as lectures, seminars and laboratory sessions.
The course is divided into 30 one-hour participatory lectures, 10 hours of seminars in which students prepare the topic in small groups, orally present and respond to questions, and 20 hours of laboratory sessions.
Materials for each topic are available online in the Moodle platform, under the name of the course. Thus, the student can access to it whenever she / he wants along the academic year. The available material consists of a comprehensive set of PowerPoint notes including all the basic concepts reviewed during the lecture. Student participation will be encouraged during the lecture through problem-based learning activities.
Laboratory sessions will be carried out in two-hour sessions. Supporting laboratory material will be available in Moodle, platform.
In order to maintain permanent contact with students, both the use of electronic mail and personal tutorials are available. In addition, all available supporting material either for individual or group work (seminars) will be provided to the students.
4.2. Learning tasks
This course is organized as follows:
Section 1. General and Special Bacteriology
- Procariotic and eucariotic organisms. Microscopic examination of bacteria. Chemical bacterial composition. Bacterial physiology. Bacterial nutrition. Bacterial reproduction. Bacterial genetics. Factors produced by bacteria. The control of bacterial populations. Bacterial identification. Bacterial taxonomy. Major bacterial groups of interest in Food Technology and Science.
- The aim of this first block is to acquaint the student with the general characteristics of bacteria within the microbial world, their taxonomic status, constitution, observation methods, management, metabolism, mechanisms for exchanging information and their influence in relation to food and man
- Teaching activities:
- 23 one-hour lectures (theoretical content)
- 16 hours of laboratory work (bacterial management and identification)
BLOCK II. GENERAL MICOLOGY
Descriptors: General characteristics of fungi. Methods of study of fungi.
Competences: The aim of this second block is to acquaint the student with the general characteristics of fungi, its constitution, methods of observation, management, metabolism, mechanisms for exchanging information and their role in relation to the food and man
Teaching-learning activities: 1 one-hour lecture (theoretical content) and 2 hours of laboratory work (fungi management and identification)
BLOCK III. GENERAL VIROLOGY
Descriptors: Concept and historical development. Virus nature, structure and composition. Viroids and prions. Plant and animal viruses. Virus genetics. Virus classification. Virus culture. Intracellular viral reproduction. Multiplication of DNA and RNA virus. Methods of study of virus. Virus titration. Inactivation (disinfection). Bacteriophages. Phagetyping. Micophages and Cianophages.
Competences: The aim of this third block is to acquaint the student with the general characteristics of the virus, its constitution, methods of observation, management, replication, mechanisms for exchanging information and their role in relation to the food and man
Teaching-learning activities: 2 one-hour lectures (theoretical content)
BLOCK IV. PARASITOLOGY
Descriptors: Biological relationship of parasitism. Parasites. Spread of parasites. Biological cycles. Parasite/host relationship. Systematics and taxonomy. Parasites classification. Protozoa, helminths and arthropods: general characteristics, classification, study of the most important genera in relation to food and man.
Competences: The aim of this fourth block is to acquaint the student with the general characteristics of the biological relationship of parasitism in the microbial world, morphology and biology of parasites, parasite/host/environment relationships and their role in relation to food and man.
4 one-hour lectures (theoretical content)
2 hours of laboratory work (parasite identification)
BLOCK V. APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY
Descriptors: Microorganisms involved in health and food hygiene. Microorganisms of interest in the food industry. Mycelial fungi and yeasts. Major food-related virus. Industrial microbiology. Fundamentals. Industrial uses of bacterial and fungal microorganisms.
Competences: The objective of this fifth block is to acquaint the student with those microorganisms that are related to food and the effects they have on them, either favourable or unfavourable, as well as pathogenic microorganisms conveyed by food that produce disease in man, and mechanisms they develop to act on the food and/or man. In this block it is also considered the taxonomic position of microorganisms and the relationships between them. The importance of microorganisms in different industry fields is also included.
Teaching-learning activities: Seminars: 10 hours devoted to the development of these issues with active student participation. Individual work: 5 hours spent reviewing the different topics in the seminars.
A fixed schedule for personal tutorials is not set, however professors will be available to students by appointment and through email.
It has 5 sessions of compulsory student attendance which will last for approximately 4 hours each. The content of the practical sessions is as follows:
- Standards for working at microbiology laboratories. Common material and equipment. Cleaning and maintenance of equipments. Distribution of laboratory areas. Equipment sterilization and preparation of culture media. The handling of the optical microscope. Simple staining.
- Sampling. Culture of aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms on solid medium and broth. Plating techniques. Gram staining. Microscopic observation of bacteria.
- Quantitative study of bacterial populations. Biochemical study of microbial activity for bacterial identification.
- Microorganism identification through immunological reactions. This practice will be taught in English.
- Identification of fungi and yeasts. Parasitology
4.4. Course planning and calendar
Schedule of lectures, paper presentations and exams
The dates and key milestones of this subject are described in detail, along with the other subjects of the second semester of the first year in the "Programme for the 2nd quarter of the 1st year of CTA" held in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine website.
Planning MICROBIOLOGÍA subject in ECTS
Credits: 6 ECTS (150 hours of student work)
Students and groups: 60 students, one group of theoretical teaching and 6 of practical teaching.
Experimentality factor: 3