28423 - General Pathological Anatomy
Part I - Introduction.
01. Objectives: Guide of the subject
02. General concepts: General Pathology. Antemortem and postmortem lesions
Part II - Adaptation, damage and cell death.
03. Adaptation cell damage and cell death: Cellular adaptation. Causes of damage. Irreversible cell damage. Apoptosis and necrosis.
04. Adaptation cell damage and cell death: Chronic cellular adaptation: Atrophy. Hypertrophy. Hyperplasia. Metaplasia.
05. Pathological Deposits: Disturbances in water exchange and glycogen stores.
06. Pathological Deposits: Lipids.
07. Pathological Deposits: Proteins.
08. Pathological Deposits: Pigments
09. Pathological Deposits: Minerals.
Part III - Circulatory disorders.
10 Active and passive hyperaemia. Oedema
11. Haemorrhage: Types. Consequences. Evolution.
12. Thrombosis and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC).
13. Embolism. Types and consequences.
14. Anaemia, ischemia and infarction: Concept. Types. Consequences and evolution.
15. Lymphatic circulation disorders
16. General disorders of blood circulation. Shock.
Part IV - Inflammation and repair.
17. Inflammation: General concepts. Causes. Terminology and classification
18. Acute inflammation.
19. Chemical mediators of inflammation.
20. Morphological patterns of acute inflammation (I): Serous. Fibrinous.
21. Morphological patterns of acute inflammation (II): Mucous. Purulent. Hemorrhagic.
22. Morphological patterns of acute inflammation (III): Mixed forms of inflammation. Evolution of acute inflammation.
23. Chronic inflammation. Morphological patterns of chronic inflammation.
24. Granulomatous and not granulomatous inflammation.
25. Resolution of inflammation: (I) Regeneration. (II) Repair or cicatrization.
Part V - Disturbances development.
26. Aplasia, hypoplasia. Congenital malformations.
Part VI - Neoplasms.
27. Definition and general concepts. Characteristics of benign and malignant tumours.
28. Evolution of neoplasms
29. Stromal tumour and immune response.
30. Effects of tumours in the host.
31. Molecular basis of neoplasms.
32. Cancer Aetiology.
33. Epithelial and glandular tumours.
34. Connective tissue tumours.
35. Lymphohematopoietic, endocrine and nervous tumours.
Part VII - Immunopathology.
36. Immunodeficiency diseases
37. Hypersensitivity diseases
38. Autoimmunity diseases
Part IX - Introduction to systemic pathology.
39. Systemic pathology of the circulatory system
40. Systemic pathology of the respiratory tract
41. Systemic pathology of the digestive tract
42. Systemic pathology of the urinary system
43. Systemic pathology of the nervous system
44. Musculoskeletal systemic pathology
LABORATORY PRACTICAL CLASSES WITH THE FOLLOWING CONTENTS:
Students will conduct systematic and complete necropsies of mammals and birds. 10 hours per student is scheduled for this practice activity
* For access to the necropsy room it is essential to wear nitrile or latex gloves, high rubber boots, overalls and goggles. For security reasons access to anyone not suitably equipped it will be prevented.
2) Macroscopic lesions. 4 hours per student is scheduled for carrying out this activity.
3) Histopathology. 8 hours per student is scheduled for carrying out this activity.
4) Seminars. 8 hours per student is scheduled to perform this activity.