27415 - Microeconomics II
5.1. Methodological overview
Microeconomics II constitutes a major building block in the student’s formation as an economist. Together with Microeconomics I, it provides a global picture of the basic knowledge in Microeconomics that the student must acquire.
In the first part of the course, we proceed to analyze the aggregate behavior of economic agents operating in competitive markets, together with the properties of these markets in efficiency terms. The second part is devoted to the study of the consequences of a number of market failures (monopoly, oligopoly, asymmetric information, externalities and public goods) on social welfare.
5.2. Learning tasks
The learning process that has been designed for this course is based on the following activities:
1.- Participative lectures. The professor will explain the basic course content. The student must supplement the explanations with the recommended reading.
2.- Practical classes. Students will solve practice exercises, always under the supervision of the instructor. This will be done in smaller groups to facilitate the participation of each student.
The program offered to the students to help them achieve the learning results includes the following activities:
Methodology: Class attendance and participative problem-solving.
Methodology: Class attendance, problem-solving and case studies.
Tutorials and seminars:
Methodology: Tutorial and complementary activities.
Methodology: Problem-solving. Use of ICTs. Preparation of assignments and exams.
Lesson 1: Introduction to market theory
1.1. Objectives of market theory
1.2. Theory of the firm: Basic concepts
1.3. Profit maximization and market structure
Lesson 2: Equilibrium in competitive markets
2.1. Characteristics of competitive markets
2.2. Marginal revenue and marginal cost. The firm’s demand curve
2.3. Profit maximization and short-run supply curve
2.4. Short-run competitive market equilibrium
2.5. Long-run supply curve
2.6. Long-run market equilibrium
Lesson 3: The analysis of competitive markets
3.1. Consumer and producer surplus
3.2. Welfare: efficiency in a competitive market
3.3. Government intervention by means of price controls and production quotas
3.4. Government intervention by means of taxes, subsidies and tariffs
Lesson 4: Monopoly theory
4.1. Introduction: market power
4.2. Equilibrium and market power in monopolies
4.3. Welfare: the social costs of market power
4.4. Government intervention by means of taxes, subsidies and regulation
4.5. Pricing with market power
Lesson 5: Oligopoly theory
5.1. Oligopoly and strategic interaction
5.2. Introduction to Game Theory: Nash equilibrium
5.3. Simultaneous competition in quantities: Cournot model
5.4. Simultaneous competition in prices: Bertrand paradox
5.5. Solutions to Bertrand paradox: product differentiation and collusion
5.6. Sequential competition: Stackelberg model
Lesson 6. Other Market failures
6.1. Markets with asymmetric information
6.2. Externalities and its correction
6.3. Common property resources
6.4. Public goods
Lesson 7. General competitive equilibrium and welfare
7.1. General equilibrium analysis
7.2. Efficiency in exchange
7.3. General equilibrium with production
7.4. Welfare theorems
7.5. Why markets fail?